The National Institute of Standards and Technology published on May 13 an infographic of a series of simple tips and tactics that can help organizations and businesses protect themselves against ransomware attacks.
Ransomware is a malicious software that encrypts a computer system’s data and demands payment to restore access, according to NIST. It’s often used in cyberattacks that can paralyze organizations.
The NIST’s advice to avoid ransomware includes:
In addition, the NIST advises individual users to follow a series of tips for their work computers. These include using user accounts with minimal privileges instead of accounts with administrative privileges whenever possible; avoiding using personal applications and websites, such as email, chat and social media, on work computers; and avoiding opening files and clicking on links from unknown sources without first running an antivirus scan or checking them for suspicious content.
The NIST warned that even with protective measures in place, a ransomware attack may still succeed. Organizations can also prepare for this by taking steps to ensure that their information will not be corrupted or lost, and that normal operations can resume quickly. These recommendations include: