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Pregnancy increases risk of gum disease

Being pregnant elevates the risk of periodontal disease, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. About 60% to 75% of pregnant women have gingivitis, and gum disease can lead to other serious dental issues.

Many pregnant women experience bleeding gums and gingivitis, attributed to hormonal changes, dietary changes, morning sickness and lower saliva production. These behavioral and physiological changes could also put pregnant women at risk for cavities, especially from a change in their eating habits. 

Women who have a lot of cavity-causing bacteria while they're pregnant and after delivery could transmit these bacteria from their mouth to their baby's mouth. 

“Gum health is related to overall wellness, especially during pregnancy,” said Leena Palomo, D.D.S., professor and chair of the Ashman Department of Periodontology & Implant Dentistry at NYU College of Dentistry.

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